At a glance: what’s in the Labour party manifesto? | Politics | The Guardian

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Labour’s big policy is a promise to increase spending on the NHS by an average 4.3% a year.

The party’s base will be hugely cheered by a pledge to end and reverse privatisation in the NHS in the next parliament and reinstate the responsibilities of the health secretary to provide a comprehensive and universal healthcare system.

A milkshake tax would come into force on top of the existing levy on sugary drinks, as well as a ban on fast-food restaurants near schools and stricter rules around the advertising of junk food and the levels of salt in food.

Free annual NHS dental checkups would be available to all.

A new National Care Service to tackle the social care crisis, with a lifetime cap of £100,000 on the costs of personal care.

Labour has come up with a compromise on immigration. It would continue with free movement of people with the EU if the UK votes to remain in a second referendum. If it chooses to leave, immigration rights would be negotiable under a deal, but the party recognises the benefits that free movement has brought.

It pledges to end indefinite detention and close two detention centres – Yarl’s Wood and Brook House – which falls short of the party’s conference motion in favour of shutting all detention centres.

There would be an improvement in the rights of people to bring family members to the UK, an end to minimum income requirements, and changes to the work visa system to make sure shortages in certain sectors are filled.

Education and early years

Labour is sticking with its pledge to scrap tuition fees, the flagship policy from its 2017 manifesto.

Free schools and academies will be brought back under the control of local authorities and communities.

Up to six years of adult learning and training will be free.

The party is promising to close the tax loopholes enjoyed by private schools and will ask the Social Justice Commission to advise on integrating private schools into the state system. This stops short of the motion passed by conference which called for the assets of private schools to be seized.

All two, three, and four-years-olds would get 30 hours of free nursery care a week and paid maternity leave would be extended to 12 months.

A new £400bn “national transformation fund” funded by borrowing will invest in infrastructure and low-carbon technology. There would be a mandate to lend in line with climate goals and productivity.

Public ownership of the railways, broadband infrastructure, postal services, energy utilities and water, paid for by issuing government bonds.

Free full-fibre broadband for all by 2030.

Tax and pay

A windfall tax on oil and gas companies raising £11bn, based on their contribution to climate change since 1996.

An increase in income tax for those earning more than £80,000.

Reversing corporation tax cuts made since 2010.

A guarantee that VAT will not be increased.

A 5% increase in pay for public sector workers.

A living wage of £10 an hour for all workers over the age of 15.

Labour is launching a “new green deal” under which it would aim to achieve the “substantial majority” of the UK’s emissions reductions by 2030. This is a watering down of the party’s conference motion that targeted net-zero emissions by 2030.

A new clean air act to improve pollution levels including a vehicle scrapping scheme.

The party would give an extra £5.6bn for flood defences.

Producers will have to pay for the waste they create and new bottle return schemes will be introduced.

Social policy

Labour will introduce A Right to Food to end “food bank Britain”. It would aim to halve food bank usage within a year and remove the need for them altogether in three years.

The party would scrap universal credit – the controversial welfare system brought in by the Tories that has caused benefit delays and hardship.

Benefit cap and the two-child limit scrapped.

An end to “dehumanising” work capability and personal independence payment assessments for those with a disability.

An end to raising the retirement age beyond 66, and maintaining the triple lock on pensions.

Crime and justice

Labour would recruit 2,000 more police officers than the Conservatives and restore prison officer numbers, reversing cuts since 2010.

The party will work to eliminate institutional biases against black and minority ethnic communities, making sure stop-and-search is proportionate.

A Royal Commission will be set up to develop a public health approach to drugs, focusing on harm reduction rather than criminalisation.

A review of the controversial Prevent programme, which aims to reduce radicalisation.

Prisons built under private-finance initiatives will be brought in house and no more private prisons built.

Foreign policy and defence

A war powers act to prevent a prime minister bypassing parliament when trying to take the country to war.

An audit of the impact of Britain’s colonial legacy.

A judge-led inquiry into alleged complicity in rendition and torture; a formal apology for Britain’s role in the Amritsar massacre; allowing the people of the Chagos Islands and their descendants the right to return to their lands; upholding the human rights of the people of West Papua and recognising the rights of the people of Western Sahara.

Labour would commit to spending at least 2% of GDP on defence and initiate a strategic defence and security review.

Full commitment to a standalone Department for International Development (DfID), with an aid budget of at least 0.7% of gross national income.

Labour would embark on a massive housebuilding programme of social housing, creating more than a million homes in a decade.

A new national levy on second homes used as holiday homes to help deal with the homelessness crisis.

Cities would get the power to impose rent caps and other controls.

Labour would work to abolish the House of Lords and replace it with a senate.

The party would scrap the Fixed-Term Parliament Act, which keeps a government in power for five years as standard.

Tighter rules on lobbying and stopping MPs from having second jobs, with limited exceptions.

Labour would give all councils powers and resources to control bus services – with under 25s riding for free

Renationalise rail – and ensure a safety-trained crew member as well as a driver on every train

Build HS2 and fast northern rail links – and extend high-speed rail to Scotland.

“Aim to” phase out new diesel and petrol cars by 2030

Reform taxi rules to ensure a “level playing field”

Greener, safer and more accessible travel are at the heart of the manifesto, which nails Labour’s colours firmly to the mast with shots across the bow of private transport operators from train and bus firms to Uber. The pledge to have a guard on every train – a £100m annual cost paid by road taxes that the Tories have hypothecated for roadbuilding – would make railways easier for all to use and have the bonus of ending the current industrial disputes. Less firm are targets to bring in cleaner cars earlier, and increase funding for cycling and walking. And Labour retains its fudge on expanding Heathrow, permitting expansion if tests on noise and pollution are met. Gwyn Topham

A £250bn Green Transformation Fund to help put the UK on track for a net zero carbon energy system within the 2030s by investing in clean energy

Upgrade 27m homes to the highest energy-efficiency standards to eliminate fuel poverty, and save £417 on each annual domestic energy bill by 2030

Nationalise regional energy networks and the Big Six energy under a UK National Energy Agency responsible for ‘decarbonising’ energy

A permanent ban on fracking

The Green New Deal represents a bold commitment to plans which are ambitious enough to meet the challenge of the climate crisis but keep hard-pressed homes in mind too. The party plans to invest in 7,000 new offshore wind turbines, 2,000 new onshore wind turbines and enough solar panels to cover 22,000 average-sized football pitches. Part of the costs will be shouldered through a windfall tax on the North Sea. However, a Labour government might struggle to attract private investors to the UK’s green economy after vowing to extend plans to renationalise energy networks to include Big Six energy suppliers too. Jillian Ambrose

This content was originally published here.

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